4. Подберите из правой колонки правильный перевод английских слов и словосочетаний:. Запишите предложения выбирая правильный ответ из правой колонки


4. Подберите из правой колонки правильный перевод английских слов и словосочетаний:

1) occur 1) месторождение 2) deposit 2) источник

3) animal and vegetable remains 3) проникать

4) source 4) залегать, встречаться

5) penetrate 5) растительные и животные остатки

6) under great pressure 6) горючий

7) borehole 7) жидкие и твердые виды топлива

8) inflammable 8) добыча

9) liquid and solid fuels 9) под высоким давлением

10) extraction 10) скважина

5. Переведите на русский язык следующие сочетания слов без словаря:

animal and vegetable remains; under great pressure; several boreholes; network of pipelines; low boiling point; 85 per cent; distinct odour; a great amount of heat; numerous new sources; to obtain new materials; over a period of many centuries; over long distances; inflammable gas.

6. Определите значение подчеркнутых слов по сходству их корней с корня-ми соответствующих слов в русском языке:

natural deposit, separate deposit, porous beds, long distance, gigantic network, typical natural gas, gaseous fuel, raw material, chemical technologist, extraction of oil, reserves of natural gas.

7. Определите по суффиксам, какой частью речи являются следующие сло-ва, и переведите их на русский язык:

pore-porosity-porous; collect-collection-collective; approximate-approximately-approximation; chemist-chemistry-chemical; gas-gaseous-gasify-gasification; derive-derivative-derivable; extract-extraction-extractive; utilize-utilization; numerous-numerously; intense-intensification-intensify-intensity-intensive; penetrate-penetration.

8. Определите значение слова ”volume” в контексте (volume – том; объем).

1.Our university has a library of many volumes of Russian and foreign scientific books and journals. 2. A great volume of gas penetrates into porous beds of sand, sandstone and limestone. 3. As is known, for volume of chemical production this plant is one of the leading ones in our country.

9. Переведите следующие предложения. Помните, что:

a few – несколько употребляется с исчисляемыми

few – мало существительными

a little – немного употребляется с неисчисляемыми

little – мало существительными

1. We have little information of this discovery. 2. We must add a little water to make this substance melt. 3. Scientists opened a few new sources of gas in Europe. 4. There are few uses of natural gas in industry. 5. A few years ago we utilized this device in our laboratory. 6. As I had little time I could not get reliable information about this deposit of gas. 7. Little of natural gas we may use chemically. 8. Butane, pentane, hexane, and a few other gases may also be present.

10. Переведите следующие предложения на русский язык.

Запомните: both – оба

both…and – как … так и

either – любой

either…or – либо … либо

1. Natural gas either occurs together with crude oil or forms separate deposits of gas alone. 2. Either of these properties can be used in this analysis. 3. Natural gas may be used either as fuel or heat in our everyday life. 4. Most of natural gas we may use as a fuel for the production of both heat and energy. 5. Decomposition of both animal and vegetable remains over a period of many centuries without air is the source of natural gas. 6. Both the pressure and volume of a gas can be changed. 7. Both characteristics of the state of a gas are very important for the experiments. 8. Homogeneous materials may be classified either into compounds and elements or into solutions. 9. Natural gas either occurs together with oil or forms separate deposits of gas alone. 10. The density of gases is measured either with special gas pycnometers or by the effusion method. 11. The state of a gas is characterized both by pressure-temperature and volume. 12. A field may be either a single pool or it may consist of two or more pools, all of, or related to, the same geologic structure. 13. Both oil and gas are naturally occurring mixtures of mainly hydrogen and carbon compounds. 14. Oil may be displaced from sand by either water or gas. 15. Oil and gas are used both as the fuel and chemicals. 16. Generally oil seeps are either up-dips or seepage along a fracture.

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2. Составьте предложения из данных слов, используя 1,2.3 тип условных предложений.

  1. Joan wear/jackets/she not catch a cold.

  2. I be you/I stop drinking.

  3. Sally be careful/she not break/ leg.

  4. Mary not work hard/she not be promoted.

  5. Mrs Brown catch/bus/she not have to walk/work.

  6. I be Sharon/I talk/ a friend.

  7. Jill not oversleep/she not be late/work.

3. Напишите предложение верно, выбрав правильный союз из предложенных.

  1. I promise to phone you as soon as/before/if I arrive.

  2. As soon as/If/When you don’t leave me alone, I’ll call the police.

  3. What are you going to do as soon as/if/when you finish University?

  4. If we drive quickly, we’ll probably get home before/if/when it gets dark.

  5. This exam is very important for Margaret, as soon as/if/when she passes, she can go to the University.

  6. “Please check you have all your luggage as soon as/if/when you leave the train.”

  7. As soon as/Before/If you go, could you give me your e-mail address?

4. Запишите предложения с «I wish» к данным ситуациям.

  1. You are hungry. There is no food in the fridge. I wish ………

  2. You are tired. You have to study for a test. I wish ………

  3. You spilt oil on your favourite white jeans. Now there is a stain on them. I wish ………

  4. Your neighbors are playing loud music. You can’t sleep. I wish ……….

  5. Your friend drives carelessly. You are worried about her. I wish ………

  6. You didn’t visit your friend in hospital. She was upset. I wish ………

5. Прочтите и переведите текст письменно. Выполните задание № 6, 7 к данному тексту. What are the features of a Digital Society?

In a Digital Society, people avail various government services, pay their bills and taxes, access important information and register companies through an online gateway that works 24/7. People prefer reliable and secure electronic transactions to cash. All residents are issued national identity cards based on smart-card technology that enables biometric authentication with a capability for multiple-applications such as personal identification, financial transactions, medical records and employment status in a single card. Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) will create more job opportunities through technology parks, IT incubators, and call centres. All governmental units will be electronically connected with each other and will provide better public services. People will be highly IT literate and will use e-Government services to better their lives. Lastly, a digital society will boast of highly advanced telecommunications and wireless connectivity systems and solutions.

6. Соедините слова из левой колонки с их определениями из правой колонки.

financial

people

employment

technologies

literate

transactions

advanced

status

7. Выпишите все предложения из текста в будущем времени, переведите их с английского языка на русский язык и трансформируйте в условные предложения 2 и 3 типа.

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10. Выберите английские слова соответствующие выделенным русским

  1. доступный - 1.available 2. able 3. access

  2. средний - 1. easy 2. average 3. about

  3. требовать - 1. consider 2. desire 3. require

  4. влияние -1.influence 2. aim 3. course

  5. обеспечивать -1.report 2. provide 3. Prove

11. Переведите письменно второй абзац текста и ответьте на вопрос:

What do students think of e-textbooks?

Контрольная работа 4

Вариант 2

1. Напишите предложения полностью, соединив части предложений из колонки а с частями предложений из колонки в.

A

B

If I went to New-York

I would sail around the world

If I met Tom Cruise

I’d go riding every week

If I got promoted at work

I’d climb to the top of the Empire State Building

If I went to China

I’d be very upset

If I owned a horse

I’d ask him for his autograph

If I had enough time

I’d like to study a new language

If I had a better sailor

I’d like to see the terracotta statues

If I lost my job

I’d be very surprised

2. Расставьте глаголы в предложения по смыслу.

will see, see, ask, will come, come, will arrive, will get, will ask, arrives, gets

  1. It’s more expensive but it ……… tomorrow if we post it express.

  2. I’ll let you know if it ……… in today’s delivery.

  3. He ……… very angry if you don’t finish it very quickly, so hurry up!

  4. He’ll be very happy when he ……… his bonus. It’s been a very good year.

  5. I ……… you at the meeting if you are going.

  6. You’ll be lucky if you ……… John. He’s never there.

  7. I ……… Jenny to help if she is here.

  8. Karen will help if you ……… her.

  9. They ……… if the weather is good.

  10. If they ……… on the overnight flight, they’ll be very tired when they arrive.

3. Напиши предложения полностью, соединив части предложений из правой и левой колонки по смыслу.

A

B

You are making too much noise.

I wish it would stop.

Have a nice trip.

I wish it would rain.

Look at the rain.

I wish you would be quiet.

It was a secret.

I wish you hadn’t told her.

I hate being old.

I wish I were young again.

I could have helped.

I wish I were coming with you.

I am quite small.

I wish I were taller.

The garden is very dry.

I wish you’d told me about it.

4. Раскройте скобки, правильно интерпретируя сослагательное наклонение с русского языка на английский язык.

  1. You wouldn’t have a sore throat ……… (если бы не съели так много мороженного).

  2. He wouldn’t be in hospital ……… (если бы он обратился к врачу вовремя).

  3. She wouldn’t have a headache ……..… (если бы она вовремя приняла лекарство).

  4. You wouldn’t have said that ……… (если бы знали меня лучше).

  5. Were I in your place ……… (я сделал бы тоже самое).

  6. But for her parents ……… (она давно бы уехала из города).

  7. I wish… (побывать в этих местах снова).

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Напишите предложения полностью, соединив части предложений из колонки А с частями предложений из колонки В.

⇐ ПредыдущаяСтр 23 из 32Следующая ⇒
A B
If you go over the speed limit if I achieve my objectives
If they don’t transport the product at the right temperature if he doesn’t study
I’ll get a bonus the delivery will arrive late
If the truck drivers go on strike if I arrive late one more time
I’ll get the sack you’ll get a ticket
He won’t pass the exam if sales continue to fall
They will cut funding it will spoil
The company will discontinue the product if we don’t convince them it’s a good product

 

Расставьте глаголы в предложения по смыслу.

‘d worked, wouldn’t have missed, had bought, would have got, wouldn’t have knocked, ‘have got, ‘d known, would have made, hadn’t been, ‘d been paying, ‘d booked, would have given

1) If you ……… late, you ……… the plane.

2) If you ……… attention, you ……… the paint over.

3) If I ……… you were coming, I ……… you a lift.

4) If you ……… a bit harder, you ……… better grades.

5) If we ……… earlier, we ……… cheaper seats.

6) If I ……… that house, I ……… a lot of money on it.

 

Запишите предложения с «I wish», используя информацию в скобках.

Образец:

I don’t know many people (and I am lonely) I wish I knew more people.

1) I don’t have a key (and I need one)

2) Ann isn’t here (and I need to see her)

3) It’s cold (and I hate cold weather)

4) I live in a big city (and I don’t like it)

5) I can’t go to the party (and I’d like to)

6) I have to work tomorrow (but I’d like to stay in bed)

7) I don’t know anything about cars (and my car has just broken down)

8) I am very busy at the moment (but I want to have some free time for my hobby)

Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в скобках в соответствующую форму сослагательного наклонения.

 

1) Why didn’t you ask me to help you? Of course I (to help) you if you (to ask) me to.

2)  You (to speak) better if you (to be) more attentive.

3)  If she (to come) earlier, she (to have been able) to see him before he went out.

4)  I demand that you (to give) way.

5)  It is necessary that you (to obey) your grandmother.

6)  I wish he (not to say) those words.

7)  I wish you (to be) my son.

 

Прочтите и переведите текст письменно. Выполните задание № 6, 7 к данному тексту.

E-Book Lending at Libraries

     Kindle is an e-book reader. Amazon.com has launched a Kindle library-lending service in the United States. Millions of users can now borrow Kindle books from their local public library. Experts say this is likely to reopen a debate between publishers and libraries over e-book lending.

    Bill Rosenblatt is president of Giant Steps Media Technology Strategies, a consulting company. “Publishers and libraries are enemies that occur in nature like snakes and mongese. Libraries would like to be able to make books available to everyone, all the time, with no limitations. And publishers, of course, would like to sell more books to the public.” Mr. Rosenblatt says the debate in the United States centers on the law of first sale. This means that once you buy a media product such as a book or a CD or a DVD, you can do whatever you want with it. You can read it, you can resell it, or you can even destroy it! This law allows libraries to lend books over and over again without having to pay publishers each time. But Bill Rosenblatt points out that this law does not include digital products. Technology can make e-books unreadable when they reach a certain time or user limit. He says the debate over e-book lending will likely end up in court.

Соедините слова из левой колонки с их определениями из правой колонки.

library a set of rules made by the government
publisher a discussion where people have different ideas or opinions
debate a company that sells books for other reading material
law a place to use or borrow books or other reading material

Выберите правильный ответ из предложенных вариантов. Используйте информацию текста.

1) Which of the following is true about publishers?

a) They want people to pay to download an e-book

b) They give books away for free

c) They don’t want libraries to lend e-books

2) Why do you think e-books so popular?

a) E-books cost a lot of money

b) People can get e-books quickly

c) People can have many books in one place

3) Why do you think publishers would make e-books unreadable?

a) So people can share e-books

b) So they can get more money

c) So people can make copies of e-books

 

Дата добавления: 2018-05-12; просмотров: 9; ЗАКАЗАТЬ РАБОТУ

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7. Ответьте на вопросы письменно:

        1. What did the discovery of the hole in the ozone layer show?

  1. Why did the hole in the ozone layer appear?

  2. What can ultraviolet radiation damage?

  3. What caused the damage of ozone?

  4. How are CFCs produced?

  5. Why do CFCs become reactive and damage the ozone layer?

  6. What does greenhouse effect contribute to?

  7. What is the essence of the Montreal Protocol signed in 1987?

  8. How long can it take to close up the ozone hole in the atmosphere?

8. Выпишите предложения из текста, содержащие данные глаголы.

to occur - случаться происходить

to absorb - поглощать

to cause - вызывать, причинять

to affect - воздействовать

to enclose - замыкать, окружать

to destroy - разрушать

to contribute - способствовать, содействовать

to increase - увеличиваться

to reduce - уменьшать

to protect - защищать

to decrease - уменьшать, сокращать

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 2

Вариант 2

1. Прочитайте и напишите перевод данных предложений на русском языке.

  1. My mother usually gets up at 6 o’clock.

  2. Does it often snow in St. Petersburg?

  3. When do you have lunch?

  4. He comes from London, doesn’t he?

  5. As a rule I don’t go by bus to work.

2. Заполни пропуски, вставив правильную форму глагола в скобках в Present Continuous Present Simple. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. I am ... coffee (have).

  2. My fellow-student is ... Exercise II (read).

  3. We are ... for the bus to come (wait).

  4. They are ... for London this week (leave).

  5. My friend is crazy. He is constantly ... computer games (play).

  6. Are you ... by car (go)?

  7. How long is Carla ... here (stay)?

3. Напишите глагол в трех формах

Образец

do

play

did

played

done

playd

account, arrange, be, begin, bring, build, buy, calculate, catch, clean, come, concentrate, cost, decide, do, dress, equip, estimate, examine, exchange, explode, explore, find, forget, give, go, graduate, have, investigate, lead, leave, listen, make, melt, pay, plan, play, prepare, process, prospect, provide, put, read, repair, report, run, set, smelt, solve, speak, specify, strip, study, survey, take, think, train, travel, understand, wash, watch, write.

4. Заполни пропуски, вставив правильную форму глагола в скобках в Present Perfect. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. I ... never ... a computer before (use).

  2. ... an umbrella? (take) It’s raining.

  3. My friend .. on a business trip to Canada (go).

  4. We ... already ... the table (clean). It’s vacant.

  5. Don’t be late! The lecture ... just ... (begin).

5. Ответьте на вопросы, используя Present Perfect Tense. Подчеркните глагол в Present Perfect Tense. Образец

Have you been to the Mining Institute today?

Yes, I have. I’ve been there for 7 hours.

  1. Have you already had your dinner?

  2. How many classes, seminars and lectures have you had today?

  3. What interesting TV programs have you seen this week?

  4. To what museums, cinemas, theatres or concert halls have you been this month?

  5. Who has passed the exams with excellent marks in your group?

  6. Where have you just come back from?

  7. You have been late for the first lecture, haven’t you?

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Контрольная работа 4

Вариант 1

  1. Напишите предложения полностью, соединив части предложений из колонки А с частями предложений из колонки В.

A

B

If you go over the speed limit

if I achieve my objectives

If they don’t transport the product at the right temperature

if he doesn’t study

I’ll get a bonus

the delivery will arrive late

If the truck drivers go on strike

if I arrive late one more time

I’ll get the sack

you’ll get a ticket

He won’t pass the exam

if sales continue to fall

They will cut funding

it will spoil

The company will discontinue the product

if we don’t convince them it’s a good product

2. Расставьте глаголы в предложения по смыслу.

‘d worked, wouldn’t have missed, had bought, would have got, wouldn’t have knocked, ‘have got, ‘d known, would have made, hadn’t been, ‘d been paying, ‘d booked, would have given

  1. If you ……… late, you ……… the plane.

  2. If you ……… attention, you ……… the paint over.

  3. If I ……… you were coming, I ……… you a lift.

  4. If you ……… a bit harder, you ……… better grades.

  5. If we ……… earlier, we ……… cheaper seats.

  6. If I ……… that house, I ……… a lot of money on it.

3. Запишите предложения с «I wish», используя информацию в скобках. Образец:

I don’t know many people (and I am lonely)

I wish I knew more people.

  1. I don’t have a key (and I need one)

  2. Ann isn’t here (and I need to see her)

  3. It’s cold (and I hate cold weather)

  4. I live in a big city (and I don’t like it)

  5. I can’t go to the party (and I’d like to)

  6. I have to work tomorrow (but I’d like to stay in bed)

  7. I don’t know anything about cars (and my car has just broken down)

  8. I am very busy at the moment (but I want to have some free time for my hobby)

4. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в скобках в соответствующую форму сослагательного наклонения.

  1. Why didn’t you ask me to help you? Of course I (to help) you if you (to ask) me to.

  2. You (to speak) better if you (to be) more attentive.

  3. If she (to come) earlier, she (to have been able) to see him before he went out.

  4. I demand that you (to give) way.

  5. It is necessary that you (to obey) your grandmother.

  6. I wish he (not to say) those words.

  7. I wish you (to be) my son.

5. Прочтите и переведите текст письменно. Выполните задание № 6, 7 к данному тексту.

E-Book Lending at Libraries

Kindle is an e-book reader. Amazon.com has launched a Kindle library-lending service in the United States. Millions of users can now borrow Kindle books from their local public library. Experts say this is likely to reopen a debate between publishers and libraries over e-book lending.

Bill Rosenblatt is president of Giant Steps Media Technology Strategies, a consulting company. “Publishers and libraries are enemies that occur in nature like snakes and mongese. Libraries would like to be able to make books available to everyone, all the time, with no limitations. And publishers, of course, would like to sell more books to the public.” Mr. Rosenblatt says the debate in the United States centers on the law of first sale. This means that once you buy a media product such as a book or a CD or a DVD, you can do whatever you want with it. You can read it, you can resell it, or you can even destroy it! This law allows libraries to lend books over and over again without having to pay publishers each time. But Bill Rosenblatt points out that this law does not include digital products. Technology can make e-books unreadable when they reach a certain time or user limit. He says the debate over e-book lending will likely end up in court.

studfiles.net

Контрольная работа Present PerfectStudentGuide - Tests and exercises

В данной контрольной работе представлено 5 заданий разных типов.

Задание 1. Проверка знания правил образования и употребления Present Perfect.

Назовите вспомогательные глаголы, при помощи которых образуются предложения во времени Present Perfect.Какое окончание прибавляется к Правильным глаголам во времени Present Perfect?Каким временем переводятся на русский язык предложения во времени Present Perfect (прошедшим, настоящим или будущим)?Напишите Не менее трех обстоятельств времени, которые обычно употребляются в предложениях во времени Present Perfect.В какую колонку таблицы неправильных глаголов необходимо посмотреть, для того чтобы правильно составить предложение во времени Present Perfect?

Задание 2. Прочитайте ситуацию и напишите грамматически правильное предложение. Используйте слово, указанное в скобках.

Пример: Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it. (lose) He has lost his key.

Ann’s hair was dirty. Now it is clean. (wash) … Tom was 80 kilograms. Now he weighs 70. (lose weight) … The car has just stopped because there isn’t any more petrol in the tank. (run out of petrol) … Yesterday Bill was playing football. Now he can’t walk and his leg is in plaster. (break)

Задание 3. Соедините части предложения из правой и левой колонок таблицы.

Lots of things have happened

You just arrived?

Hello, have

Film I’ve ever seen.

He has never

For three years.

It’s the most boring

Since I last wrote to you.

I haven’t smoked

Driven a car before.

Задание 4. Поставьте слова в правильном порядке, образовав предложение.

first / driven / this / is / the / a / he / has / time / carever / caviar? / you / have / eatenme / hasn’t / to / nearly / written / for / month / Jill / ait / raining / has / yet? / stopped

Задание 5. Решите 5 тестов (только один ответ верный).

Обратите внимание, в некоторых вопросах теста употребляется Past Simple. Это сделано для того, чтобы вы смогли проверить, Насколько хорошо вы понимаете разницу между Present Perfect и Past Simple.

1. Anna… a good job.

A) finds B) has foundC) founded D) have found

2. I… a new flat a few months ago.

A) bought B) have been buyingC) have bought D) buy

3. … Paul Simon’s latest record?

A) Have you heard B) Have you been hearingC) Did you hear D) Are you heard

4. Sorry. I… one of your glasses.

A) have broken B) brokeC) break D) have been breaking

5. … you ever… to London?

A) has / beenB) have / beenC) have / wereD) have / be

Ответы
Задание 1.

have/has – ed прошедшим ever, already, since, yet, this week, this month, just В третью колонку.

Задание 2.

She has washed her hair. He has lost weight. It has run out of petrol. He has broken his leg.

Задание 3.

Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.Hello, have you just arrived?He has never driven a car before.It’s the most boring film I’ve ever seen.I haven’t smoked for three years.

Задание 4.

This is the first time he has driven a car. Have you ever eaten caviar? Jill hasn’t written to me for nearly a month. Has it stopped raining yet?

Задание 5.

B A A A B

Часть материала скопирована из следующих источников:1. Raymond Murphy “English Grammar In Use” Cambridge University Press2. Atalay Oguz “TEST MASTER” – Baskent Education Publication

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